Studying and Learning

close up look at A Plus on paper with red pen

Which Study Strategies Make the Grade?

A scientific review suggests that several popular study strategies are ineffective, while effective strategies are underused… More

  • A roundup of the research evaluating five popular study strategies suggests that many students are missing two of the most powerful approaches to learning... More

    Boost Your Study Strategy With Retrieval and Distributed Practice

    A roundup of the research evaluating five popular study strategies suggests that many students are missing two of the most powerful approaches to learning... More

  • Healthy adults who learn information more quickly than their peers also have better long-term retention for the material despite spending... More

    Sticky notes in a clock-like circle with pens as the clock hands

    Efficient Learners May Remember More Over Time

    Healthy adults who learn information more quickly than their peers also have better long-term retention for the material despite spending... More

  • In foreign language classrooms, students often do more listening than speaking—they hear a native speaker, either the teacher or a... More

    Balancing Speaking and Listening for Language Learning

    In foreign language classrooms, students often do more listening than speaking—they hear a native speaker, either the teacher or a... More

  • To avoid overestimating your abilities, reflect on past learning rather than trying to guess how you’ll perform in the future... More

    How to Learn What Not to Study

    To avoid overestimating your abilities, reflect on past learning rather than trying to guess how you’ll perform in the future... More

  • We're most enthusiastic about projects when we start and finish them, but intervening hassles can turn determination soft... More

    Trying to Get Ahead? Plan in Reverse, Study Suggests

    We're most enthusiastic about projects when we start and finish them, but intervening hassles can turn determination soft... More

  • Data suggest that taking notes by hand beats typing notes on a laptop for remembering conceptual information over time... More

    Closeup shot of a young man writing on a note pad

    Take Notes by Hand for Better Long-Term Comprehension

    Data suggest that taking notes by hand beats typing notes on a laptop for remembering conceptual information over time... More

  • Sleeping between study sessions may make it easier to recall what you studied and relearn what you forgot, with lasting results... More

    Student sleeping between piles of books

    Sleep Makes Relearning Faster and Longer-Lasting

    Sleeping between study sessions may make it easier to recall what you studied and relearn what you forgot, with lasting results... More

  • Students who surfed the web in a college course had lower scores on the final exam than did those who didn’t go online... More

    This is an illustration of a laptop that is also a book.

    Internet Use in Class Tied to Lower Test Scores

    Students who surfed the web in a college course had lower scores on the final exam than did those who didn’t go online... More

  • Research shows how math anxiety impacts students and suggests interventions to buffer these negative effects... More

    This is an illustration of mathematics drawings and equations

    Nervous About Numbers

    Research shows how math anxiety impacts students and suggests interventions to buffer these negative effects... More

  • Research suggests that restudying material can be a useful learning strategy, especially if that restudying is spaced out in time... More

    Student using different sources of information to prepare for exam

    Testing and Spacing Both Aid Memory

    Research suggests that restudying material can be a useful learning strategy, especially if that restudying is spaced out in time... More

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