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Volume 28, Issue7September, 2015
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Point to Point

Charting the Brain’s Navigation System More

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Volume 28, Issue7September, 2015

Integrating Culture Into Psychological Research

The study of culture has gained a noticeable presence across research, training, and practice in American psychology (American Psychological Association, 2003; Cheung, 2012). As graduate students, we have all become familiar with certain phrases: cultural competency, biculturalism, and human diversity, for example. The growing emphasis on cultural awareness is largely More

Weisz Honored With Klaus-Grawe-Award

APS James McKeen Fellow John Weisz, Director of the Laboratory for Youth Mental Health at Harvard University, has been awarded the 2015 Klaus-Grawe-Award for the Advancement of Innovative Research in Clinical Psychology and Psychotherapy by the Klaus Grawe Foundation. First awarded in 2007, the Klaus-Grawe-Award is endowed with € 10,000 More

Books to Check Out

To submit a new book, email apsobserver@psychologicalscience.org Mindware: Tools for Smart Thinking by Richard E. Nisbett; Farrar, Straus, and Giroux, August 18, 2015. The Developing Genome: An Introduction to Behavioral Epigenetics by David S. Moore; Oxford University Press, March 2, 2015. Simply Rational: Decision Making in the Real World by More

Lindsay Becomes Interim Editor of Psychological Science

APS Fellow Eric Eich, who began serving as Editor in Chief of Psychological Science in 2013, has passed the reins to Interim Editor D. Stephen Lindsay, who began his term on July 1. Eich, a professor of psychology at the University of British Columbia in Vancouver, Canada, is exiting his More

Charging Up the Inner GPS

A team of psychological scientists from Tufts University and the US Army may have found one way to improve a shaky sense of direction: applying an electric current to the brain. The research team, led by Tad T. Brunyé, found that volunteers who started the experiment with poor navigation skills More

Bayes for Beginners: Probability and Likelihood

Some years ago, a postdoctoral fellow in my lab tried to publish a series of experiments with results that — to his surprise — supported a theoretically important but extremely counterintuitive null hypothesis. He got strong pushback from the reviewers. They said that all he had were insignificant results that More

Meet the APS Board for 2015–2016

Every September, the Observer highlights leaders taking on new roles on the APS Board of Directors. For the 2015–2016 academic year, C. Randy Gallistel of Rutgers University is the new APS President, while Susan Goldin-Meadow of The University of Chicago joins the Board as President-Elect. Nancy Eisenberg of Arizona State More

‘Significance and Remembrance’ Revisited

Throughout 2015, the Observer is commemorating the silver anniversary of APS’s flagship journal. In addition to research reports, the first issue of Psychological Science, published in January 1990, included a general article, “Significance and Remembrance: The Role of Neuromodulatory Systems,” written by neurobiologist James L. McGaugh. In that article, McGaugh More

Remembering Janet Taylor Spence

Janet Taylor Spence, a transformative scientist, consummate professional leader, and committed member of all the communities to which she belonged, died on Cape Cod at the age of 91. Just 6 weeks before, she had returned from a cruise that began in Santiago, Chile, and ended in Rio de Janeiro More

Janet Taylor Spence: A Life in Science

August 29, 1923: Janet Taylor is born in Toledo, Ohio 1945: Taylor receives an undergraduate degree in psychology and political science at Oberlin College 1949: Taylor graduates from the University of Iowa with a PhD in psychology. Her dissertation investigating the role of anxiety in classical conditioning introduces the Taylor Manifest Anxiety Scale More

Walter Mischel and Collaborators Receive 2015 Golden Goose Award

Walter Mischel’s classic studies in childhood self-control, known popularly as the marshmallow tests, are among the most famous and impactful experiments in psychological science. Now, this research is earning special recognition from scientific, academic, and business organizations and federal lawmakers for having survived initial doubts to spawn major scientific breakthroughs. More

The Media as Research Collaborators

Traditionally, the Public Broadcasting Service (PBS) and the British Broadcasting Corporation (BBC) have been the leaders not only in interviewing psychological scientists as part of their news coverage, but also in actually collaborating with them on stories and documentaries about findings on an array of topics — including memory, motivation More

Data ‘Salvation’ for Suicide Research

A psychological scientist renowned for developing evidence-based treatment for suicidality warns that standard interventions for suicidal behavioral — including hospitalization — are largely unsupported by science. More

How Poverty Affects the Brain and Behavior

Poverty holds a seemingly unbreakable grip on families, neighborhoods, cities, and entire countries. It stretches from one generation to the next, trapping individuals in a socioeconomic pit that is nearly impossible to ascend. Part of the fuel for poverty’s unending cycle is its suppressing effects on individuals’ cognitive development, executive More

A Milestone in Federally Funded Behavioral Science

In the United States, medicine functions too much like a “repair shop,” believes David R. Williams of Harvard University’s T.H. Chan School of Public Health: People only seek medical advice when something goes wrong. This dysfunctional approach may explain why the United States shells out 50% of the world’s health More

Being Choosy About Choosing

From grocery store shelves to investment offerings, the modern world offers an ever-increasing number of choices — and these options are leading to stress, said Sheena Iyengar of Columbia University at the 2015 APS Annual Convention. In a talk sponsored by the Society for the Teaching of Psychology, Iyengar noted More

Leveraging Psychological Science

Despite substantial advances in medical science, patients often do not get the full benefit of health care: They fail to seek medical attention when they need it, neglect to finish prescriptions, seek unnecessary (and expensive) second opinions, or are persuaded to use services that are not supported by good evidence. More

Defining Dysfunction: Clinical Psychology’s New Frontier

Diagnosing physical ailments used to depend exclusively on symptoms and observations, but a prodigious surge in new technology has provided 21st century medicine with an array of precision diagnostic tools — from biomarkers to genetic testing — that have fueled astounding progress in defining and treating illness. Over the past More

The ADHD Explosion

Professional baseball in the United States has seen a dramatic escalation in attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) diagnoses over the past decade. There are now more than 100 players, about 10% of the active Major League Baseball (MLB) roster, who have clearance to take stimulant drugs for the treatment of ADHD — More

Teaching Current Directions in Psychological Science

Aimed at integrating cutting-edge psychological science into the classroom, Teaching Current Directions in Psychological Science offers advice and how-to guidance about teaching a particular area of research or topic in psychological science that has been the focus of an article in the APS journal Current Directions in Psychological Science. Current More