image description
Volume 29, Issue10December, 2016
Observer PDF

The Science of Sameness

Mavericks are memorable, but to conform is generally the norm. Psychological studies are now exploring conformity as more than just a learned behavior, but one that involves a mix of reward and punishment processes in the brain. More

Introduction to the New Statistics: Estimation, Open Science, and Beyond by Geoff Cumming and Robert Calin-Jageman; Routledge, October 12, 2016. To submit a new book, email apsobserver@psychologicalscience.org. More

Psychology generally has begun to recognize the importance of integrating and unifying its many diverse interests and accomplishments. As APS Fellow David G. Myers so valuably indicates in “Simulating Cultural Evolution” (Observer, October 2016), it has been illustrated that cultural evolution is cumulative (Caldwell, Atkinson, & Renner, 2016). Moreover, researchers More

In a guest column, APS Fellow and Smith College President Kathleen McCartney explains how women’s colleges are uniquely positioned to counter the stubborn gender imbalance in scientific fields. More

A coordinated replication effort conducted across 17 labs found no evidence that surreptitiously inducing people to smile or frown affects their emotional state. The findings of the replication project have been published as part of a Registered Replication Report (RRR) in Perspectives on Psychological Science. The RRR project, proposed by More

One of the most significant examples of integrative science will be spotlighted at the 2017 International Convention of Psychological Science (ICPS), to be held March 23–25 in Vienna, Austria. Thomas Bourgeron, the Paris-based geneticist who is credited with transforming autism research, will deliver the closing keynote address at the event. Bourgeron More

APS William James Fellow Elizabeth S. Spelke, a Harvard University psychological scientist widely known for her research on the cognitive development of infants, recently received the C. L. de Carvalho-Heineken Prize for Cognitive Science from the Royal Netherlands Academy of Arts and Sciences. The $200,000 prize will support Spelke’s cognitive More

Dogs are one of the most common household pets in the world, so it’s curious that we know relatively little about their cognitive abilities when we know so much about the abilities of other types of animals, from primates to cetaceans. Over the last couple decades, researchers have been aiming More

Psychological scientist Yana Weinstein was feeling guilty one night about not doing enough to disseminate her research on learning to students — so she decided to take it to Twitter. Weinstein, an assistant professor at the University of Massachusetts Lowell, searched “test tomorrow” and realized that many students tweet about More

Aimed at integrating cutting-edge psychological science into the classroom, Teaching Current Directions in Psychological Science offers advice and how-to guidance about teaching a particular area of research or topic in psychological science that has been the focus of an article in the APS journal Current Directions in Psychological Science. Current More

For many experimental psychologists, the go-to methodological designs are cross-sectional. Cross-sectional studies involve measuring the relationship between some variable(s) of interest at one point in time; some common examples include single-session lab studies and online surveys (e.g., via MTurk). These designs can be useful for isolating relationships between variables, establishing More