Adolescence is often a turbulent time, and it is marked by substantially increased rates of depressive symptoms, especially among girls. New research indicates that this gender difference may be the result of girls’ greater exposure to stressful interpersonal events, making them more likely to ruminate, and contributing to their risk of More
When addiction research was in its infancy roughly a century ago, scientists dismissed substance abuse as a mere personality flaw. Today, addiction is widely thought to be due to complex gene–environment interactions influencing brain function, rather than a simple weakness of character. In his award address at the 2014 APS More
At the 2014 APS Annual Convention, four researchers (as reported in the July/August Observer article “Exploring the Psychological Science of Violence”) missed essential components of US violence and how to address it. During the 1970s, as 94% of mentally ill patients were released from psychiatric hospitals, there were fewer psychiatrists More
At the 2014 APS Annual Convention, APS William James Fellow Terry Robinson discussed how cues associated with rewards, such as food or drugs, can acquire considerable control over motivated behavior, leading to excessive consumption. More
Read about the latest research published in Clinical Psychological Science: Najwa C. Culver, Bram Vervliet, and Michelle G. Craske Although exposure therapy has been shown to be effective for treating anxiety disorders, fear symptoms can sometimes return. In this study, the researchers tested whether compound-presentation extinction trials — in which two More
In recognition of the new school year beginning in many parts of the world, the Observer examines a host of psychological research on learning — not just in the classroom, but across the life-span. More
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