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Volume 27, Issue7September, 2014

The Study of Reading, Writing, and Arithmetic

In recognition of the new school year beginning in many parts of the world, the Observer examines a host of psychological research on learning — not just in the classroom, but across the life-span. More

More from this Issue

The Study of Reading, Writing, and Arithmetic

In recognition of the new school year beginning in many parts of the world, the Observer examines a host of psychological research on learning — not just in the classroom, but across the life-span. More

Literary Character

Whether it’s Oliver Twist or Harry Potter, Hester Prynne or Katniss Everdeen, literary characters offer us a chance to vicariously experience life in all its drama, humor, mystery, and adventure. Through Atticus Finch, we fight a moral cause in the face of prejudice. Through Lizzy Bennet, we defy class boundaries More

Getting It in Writing

Stringing together words on a page to communicate something meaningful, insightful, intriguing, or persuasive is an essential skill that serves us throughout our personal and professional lives, no matter our interests or discipline. And yet, this essential and complex ability starts with a more basic skill that may be disappearing More

This is an illustration of mathematics drawings and equations

Nervous About Numbers

Research shows how math anxiety impacts students and suggests interventions to buffer these negative effects. More

Is Our Focus Becoming Overly Narrow?

As is evident from the fact that the beginning of my career preceded the birth of APS (indeed, I was at the initial meetings that spawned our organization), I have been in the field for a long time, having received my PhD more than 38 years ago. As a consequence More

‘The First State’ Achieves a First for Science-Based Clinical Training

Delaware and Illinois have become the first US states to enact legislation designed to strengthen science-centered education and training in clinical psychology and behavioral health. Delaware Governor Jack Markell on July 28 signed House Bill 358 into law, permitting graduates from training programs accredited by the Psychological Clinical Science Accreditation More

Meet the APS Board for 2014–2015

The Observer profiles new leaders of the APS Board for 2014–2015: Nancy Eisenberg, Arizona State University, becomes APS President, C. Randy Gallistel, Rutgers University, joins the Board as President-Elect, and Elizabeth A. Phelps of New York University becomes Immediate Past President. Thomas H. Carr, Sandra Graham, and Mikki Hebl begin More

Twelve Tips for Department Chairs

Being chair of a department is hard work. Like being a journal editor or a parent, a person not in the situation can vaguely appreciate the difficulty but cannot really know the depth of it until in the role. I have been a chair once, for 8 years. I was More

Decoding Words on a Page

When most of us read, we probably don’t think about the complex neurological processes that go on behind the scenes. Subtle and rapid eye movements, invisible without eye tracking technology, relay information to the brain, setting in motion a chain of events that helps the reader internalize, encode, and finally More

Remembering Varda Shoham

With APS Board Member Varda Shoham’s unexpected death on March 18, 2014, we lost an influential advocate for psychological science. During her prolific career spanning over 30 years, Varda devoted her boundless energy and intellect to shaping a rigorous science of clinical psychology. With colleagues and friends, as well as More

Fostering Budding Writers

“Easy reading is damn hard writing,” Nathaniel Hawthorne famously said. Indeed, writing text that is clear and engaging for the reader is no simple task. Learning the craft is a lifelong process, but the fundamentals should begin early. Acquiring strong writing skills is not an option for young people today More

A Stay at Camp Cope-a-Lot for Anxious Kids

It’s easy to assume anxious kids are just going through a phase and will naturally “come out of their shells” or learn to cope over time. Evidence suggests otherwise, says APS Fellow Philip C. Kendall of Temple University, who accepted the Distinguished Scientist Award from the Society for a Science More

Tips From a Self-Taught Teacher

If you are anything like me, your graduate program gave you the right training to become a researcher but did little to prepare you for teaching. Yet every college and university expects (if not demands) excellent teachers. Even at large research universities, a record of quality teaching is usually required More

A Boost for Psychology Education in Uganda

In November 2012, Peter Baguma of Makerere University, Uganda, met with colleagues to discuss what they saw as the most pressing issues confronting psychology education in Uganda, among them quality and consistency across public and private universities and national colleges. The meeting addressed “Improving the Teaching of Psychology in Higher More

Teaching Current Directions in Psychological Science

Aimed at integrating cutting-edge psychological science into the classroom, Teaching Current Directions in Psychological Science offers advice and how-to guidance about teaching a particular area of research or topic in psychological science that has been the focus of an article in the APS journal Current Directions in Psychological Science. Current More

Books to Check Out: September 2014

To submit a new book, email apsobserver@psychologicalscience.org. Train Your Mind for Peak Performance: A Science-Based Approach for Achieving Your Goals by Lyle E. Bourne, Jr., and Alice F. Healy; American Psychological Association, November 15, 2013. Evidence-Based Child Forensic Interviewing: The Developmental Narrative Elaboration Interview by Karen J. Saywitz and Lorinda More

Research as Free Speech?

Elizabeth A. Yeater and Geoffrey F. Miller’s May/June 2014 Observer article on sensitive-topics research describes their Sisyphean attempts to convince their institutional review board (IRB) that questionnaire research on topics such as trauma and sex does not pose more than minimal risk. They dutifully listed the IRB’s objections, which persisted More

When the Whites of the Eyes are Red or Yellow

The eye provides a rich variety of information about normal and abnormal behavior and health, as noted by Scott Sleek in “Eye-Tuned” in the May/June 2014 Observer. Cues about the color of the sclera (the white of the eyes) can be added to the cited examples of iris and pupil More

Using Positive Psychology to Survive and Thrive in Grad School

Graduate school is a very stressful period for developing professionals in the field of psychological science. In any given week, students may attend classes, conduct research, teach classes, conduct therapy, write up grant and research proposals, and/or do service learning or outreach work (e.g., reviewing grant applications or manuscripts). All More

Tracy to Speak at Inaugural ICPS

Psychological scientists have done extensive research on the links between emotion and mental illness as well as on the connections between emotion and emotional experience. Until recently, these two channels of investigation had remained relatively separate, but a Special Series on Emotions and Psychopathology in the new issue of Clinical More

Two APS Fellows Elected to National Academy of Sciences

Two APS fellows are among the 84 newly chosen members and 21 foreign associates recognized by the National Academy of Science for their outstanding contributions to scientific research. The April 29 announcement featured newly elected member Marcia Johnson, professor of psychology at Yale University, and foreign associate Helen Neville, professor More

New Journals App Offers APS Members Mobile Access to Articles

A new iOS app that offers mobile access to all five APS journals is now available for free in the Apple iTunes Store under Journals@APS. Any user can access APS journal content that is free to the public, such as tables of contents, abstracts of current and previously published APS More