Over the past decade, a “crisis of confidence” has enveloped many empirical sciences including psychology. In response, a large body of scholarship has emerged, with the goal to improve the ways in which psychological science is planned, conducted, and disseminated. This symposium brings together four scholars who have made prominent contributions to this emerging field.
Chairs: Eric-Jan Wagenmakers, University of Amsterdam, Netherlands
Olivier Klein, Université Libre de Bruxelles, Belgium
Speakers: Anne Scheel, Utrecht University, Netherlands
Marcus Munafo, University of Bristol, United Kingdom
Christopher Chambers, Cardiff University, United Kingdom
Dorothy Bishop, University of Oxford, United Kingdom
Susan Michie presents the “Behaviour Change Intervention Ontology,” which has the potential to dramatically enhance evidence integration and knowledge development using hybrid human-computer systems, thereby accelerating scientific advancements.
Keynote Address: The Human Quest for Fairness and Equality: Evolutionary Origins and Socio-Political Consequences
Ernst Fehr shows that individuals cluster around three global, fundamentally distinct, preference types characterized as altruistic, inequality averse, and predominantly selfish—with the selfish type typically comprising a minority of individuals.
Noam Sobel describes his findings on mechanisms of human chemosignaling in both health and disease. Based on these findings, he argues that, in contrast to common notions, humans are highly olfactory animals, and body-odors dominate our social behavior.