As the world faces unprecedented crises (climate change, pandemics, mass extinction, etc.), reliance on scientific knowledge and the implementation of evidenced-based policies is more necessary than ever. Unfortunately, anti-science beliefs and attitudes are surging in many parts of the world, undermining efforts to respond effectively to these crises. This symposium focuses on understanding the psychological underpinnings and consequences of these beliefs and attitudes. Speakers also examine the role of disinformation and conspiracy theories.
Chair: Olivier Klein, Université Libre de Bruxelles, Belgium
Speakers: Myrto Pantazi, Université Libre de Bruxelles, Belgium
Karen M. Douglas, University of Kent, United Kingdom
Matthew J. Hornsey, The University of Queensland, Australia
Sander van der Linden, University of Cambridge, United Kingdom
Susan Michie presents the “Behaviour Change Intervention Ontology,” which has the potential to dramatically enhance evidence integration and knowledge development using hybrid human-computer systems, thereby accelerating scientific advancements.
Keynote Address: The Human Quest for Fairness and Equality: Evolutionary Origins and Socio-Political Consequences
Ernst Fehr shows that individuals cluster around three global, fundamentally distinct, preference types characterized as altruistic, inequality averse, and predominantly selfish—with the selfish type typically comprising a minority of individuals.
Noam Sobel describes his findings on mechanisms of human chemosignaling in both health and disease. Based on these findings, he argues that, in contrast to common notions, humans are highly olfactory animals, and body-odors dominate our social behavior.