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Everyday Aggression: We Hurt Those Closest to Us

When we think of aggression, we might think of road rage or a bar fight, situations in which people are violent toward strangers. But research suggests that aggression is actually most often expressed toward the people we encounter in our day-to-day lives, such as romantic partners, friends, family, and coworkers.

In an article published in Current Directions in Psychological Science, psychological scientist Deborah South Richardson of Georgia Regents University presents an overview of scientific research exploring this “everyday” aggression.

This is a photo of one soccer player yelling at another player.As Richardson explains, only a behavior that is intended to harm someone qualifies as aggression. Aggression shouldn’t be confused with assertiveness or ambition, which don’t necessarily intend harm, or with hostility or anger, which involve expressions of emotion but aren’t behaviors.

Importantly, aggression also involves another living being:

“Breaking a…

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APS Fellow James Jackson Appointed to National Science Board

James S. Jackson, an APS James McKeen Cattell Fellow, Daniel Katz Distinguished Professor of Psychology and Director of the Institute for Social Research at the University of Michigan, has been appointed by President Barack Obama to the National Science Board (NSB), the policymaking body of the National Science Foundation. Jackson’s 6-year term on the board will begin in August. As a member of the NSB, he will work with 23 other board members to advise Congress and the President on science and engineering policy.

Jackson is known for his research on race, racism, and culture — and on how these factors influence health, attitudes, and social support across the lifespan and around the world. His research on members of the African diaspora in the United States, the Caribbean, and Europe have employed novel methods including multigenerational studies, longitudinal studies, and interviews.

The vast body of data Jackson…

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The Right Methods for the Right Questions

When psychology emerged as a “modern” science near the end of the 19th century, it developed a methodological orientation that was heavily influenced by other natural sciences, such as physics. As the field of psychology matured, however, researchers became interested in a “complex systems view”; one where many different components interact over time to shape development.

In some ways, research design, measurements, and methods of analysis have failed to keep up with this changing view, leading to a mismatch between the methods psychologists use and the problems they study. This mismatch has been especially troublesome for researchers studying individual development in a developmental science theoretical framework, where a person-oriented rather than a variable-oriented approach is often desirable.

In a 2013 article published in the More>

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People Sensitive to Criticism May Be Biased Toward Focusing on the Negative

This is a photo of a woman looking out a rainy window.Being on the receiving end of criticism from loved ones is unpleasant for anybody, but for some people, it may go so far as to affect their mental health.

Research has shown that people who rate their loved ones as being highly critical of them are more likely to suffer relapses and face poorer outcomes when dealing with illnesses such as depression, substance abuse, OCD, agoraphobia, bipolar disorder, and schizophrenia.

Researchers believe that high sensitivity to criticism may be caused in part by cognitive biases toward interpreting ambiguous information negatively.

That’s not to say, however, that loved ones are off the hook: Their criticism may be what makes a person more attentive to negative emotional signals and thus prone to a negative cognitive bias.

To find out how perceived criticism influences…

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New Journals App Offers APS Members Mobile Access to Articles

This is a photo of a woman using a smartphone.A new iOS app that offers mobile access to all five APS journals is now available for free in the Apple iTunes Store under Journals@APS. Any user can access APS journal content that is free to the public, such as tables of contents, abstracts of current and previously published APS journal articles, and open access articles. APS members can take advantage of full-text downloads of individual articles and issues.

Once the app is downloaded, users can toggle between a screen view and a list view of APS’s journals: Psychological Science, Perspectives on Psychological Science, Psychological Science in the Public Interest, Current Directions in Psychological Science, and Clinical Psychological Science. After a journal is selected, a table of contents displays, and the…

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