Just like adults, children from across different cultures show implicit intergroup biases, according to a new study published in Psychological Science. The research suggests that children may show these biases as a result of their early experiences with status hierarchies.
Psychological scientist Yarrow Dunham of Princeton University and colleagues conducted several experiments in which White-American children, ages 3 to 14, and adults were asked to look at a series of racially ambiguous faces and guess their race (e.g. Asian, White, or Black). The faces were presented as happy or angry, and the researchers hypothesized that the emotional expressions would sway the participants’ guesses towards one race or another, depending on their own race.
The results revealed an in-group bias: Overall, participants were 1.32 times more likely to characterize angry…
Supporters of a political measure are more influenced by their initial preferences than cold, hard evidence suggesting that the measure won’t go their way, according to new research published in the May 2013 issue of Psychological Science.
Yet Zlatan Krizan of Iowa State University and Kate Sweeny of the University of California, Riverside were interested in determining how people’s expectations, preferences, and political knowledge about a legislative bill might change in the weeks preceding a vote. They also wanted to know how people on both sides of the issue would feel after the final decision was made.
The researchers took advantage of a specific legislative bill in California that was debated in 2010 — the bill, titled California Proposition 19, would legalize cannabis for recreational use. The researchers asked 158 Californian participants…
As Perspectives editor Barbara A. Spellman observes in her introduction to the first special section in the May issue, the field of psychological science has seen some huge changes since 1988:
“There are now research and statistical tools that did not exist then; theoretical perspectives that have arisen or disappeared; and entire fields of inquiry that have been born, merged, split, renamed, and disbanded.”
According to Spellman, the special sections will include two types of articles. A series of longer articles will deeply examine changes in a research area that have occurred since at least 1988, and shorter articles by prominent researchers — many of them William James or…
Visit the APS Booth for free pens, pocket buddy notebooks, hand sanitizers, experiMINTs to freshen your breath, “Risky Business” sunglasses, a variety of APS buttons, and 2014 Convention magnets for the 26th APS Annual Convention in San Francisco, California.
Don’t miss APS’s “shock box” t-shirts based on Stanley Milgram’s groundbreaking experiments on obedience to authority. The t-shirts commemorate the Milgram shock box’s trip to DC.
We will also be selling “Don’t think about this mug” mugs and “Don’t think about this t-shirt” t-shirts as a tribute to Harvard psychologist Daniel Wegner’s work on ironic process theory, also known as the “white bear phenomenon.” The theory describes the process whereby suppressing a certain…
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