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Volume 16, Issue8August, 2003

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APS at 15: Reflections on the Founding

Fifteen years ago, in August, 1988, after an attempt to reorganize the American Psychological Association failed, the Assembly for Scientific and Applied Psychology formed the American Psychological Society to serve the needs of the scientific wing of psychology. That revolution, as it has been called, forever changed the face of More

RiSE-UP Examines Cultural Differences and Freshmen Anxiety

The APS Student Caucus symposium for Research on Socially and Economically Underrepresented Populations or RiSE-UP included presentations by Wonkyong Lee, University of Waterloo; Mercedes Carswell, Michigan State University; and Yuri Miyamoto, University of Michigan. In her presentation, “Cultural Differences in Persuasion: Analysis of North American and Korean Print Ads,” Lee More

Student Grant Winners

The APS Student Caucus would like to thank everyone who entered the 2003 APSSC Student Grant Competition. In a peer-reviewed process, the research of three graduate students and one undergraduate student were selected as the 2003 winners: GRADUATE STUDENT WINNERS – Ming-Chou Ho, University of Kansas, “Perceptual Load Affects Mechanisms More

The Life and Times of Working Memory

It used to be called short-term memory. But as the modern label implies, working memory is a dynamic system that involves processing current information. The change in name reflects the evolution of a large body of research focusing on the nature and capacity of this critical and interesting component of More

It’s the 21st Century – What Did You Expect?

Does the term “intelligent agent” bring to mind an image of a government operative carrying out less-than-wholesome activities in foreign lands? Do you think a “wearable computer” is a device that has been engineered to withstand coffee spills and forceful two-finger keyboard pecking? Can an “adaptive room” be created by More

From the Mouths of Babes: The Validity of Children’s Testimony

Sometimes, a child is victim and/or the only eyewitness in a court case. How much validity do we ascribe to statements by a four-year-old child? How can we tell if the child was coached to express something other than the whole truth and nothing but the truth? APS Fellow Maggie More

Offspring Studies in Alcohol Research Offer New Insight Into Comorbidity

Is the comorbidity of alcoholism and psychopathology strictly genetic in nature, or do environmental risk factors come into play as well? These issues were the focus of an invited address delivered by Andrew Heath, of Washington University School of Medicine, at the APS 15th Annual Convention in Atlanta. His talk More

Wanting and Liking for the Addict

Traditional views of what motivates addictive behavior, such as hedonistic pleasure seeking and avoidance of aversive withdrawal symptoms, have been repeatedly demonstrated as insufficient and illogical. New directions in addiction research continue to challenge traditional assumptions about drug abuse. According to APS Fellow and Charter Member Terry E. Robinson, University More

Slowing the Process of Forgetting

Everyone has experienced the derailment of a train of thought or struggled with that tidbit of information on the tip of your tongue. Forgetting is a problem for many people and a nuisance to most of us. Wouldn’t it be wonderful to learn how to remember more? Learning techniques that More

Older, But Wiser

Workforce projections forecast that within the next seven years 50 percent of the US workforce will be 45 or older. Organizational decision makers, faced with adapting to aging workers, are exploring the question of “how to maintain, retrain, and motivate older workers in a job market that is becoming increasingly More

Discovering Psychology, Then and Now

Discovering Psychology is a popular public television series that educates students and the general public about psychological science. The series consists of 26 half-hour programs narrated by APS Fellow and Charter Member Philip Zimbardo, a professor at Stanford University. Each of the 26 programs focus on one specific area of More

How to Get Published: Guidance from Journal Editors

Lilienfeld’s Top Ten Journal Submission Errors 10. Selecting the wrong journal 9. Not explaining why the article makes an important contribution 8. Too much or too little background 7. Making inferential leaps in logic that are unclear 6. Confusing explanatory with confirmatory data analyses (misrepresentation) 5. Presenting too much information More

A Social Brain Science Approach to Recognizing the Self

Most neuroscientists would agree that the human brain has adapted over time to meet the challenges of life. One of the biggest challenges to adaptation for the self, the sense of one’s unique existence, is other people. One’s sense of self is used in numerous social areas such as fantasizing More

September 11 and the Pursuit of Evil

For nearly two years, the fear of terrorism has motivated dramatic events, from airport security, the creation of the US Department of Homeland Security, even mobilizing an invasion of Iraq. As the United States has fortified its security against the reality of suicide terrorists, it seems that little has been More

Crib Notes for Infants

Inspired by the Swiss psychologist Jean Piaget, APS Fellow Renee Baillargeon, University of Illinois at Champaign-Urbana, continues to refine and challenge what we think we know about infants with her premise that premise that infants “are smarter than we think.” Aided by refined methodologies, she is challenging old constructs and More

Depression Prevention and Self-Esteem Discussed During PSPI Symposium

Depression and high self-esteem are the two polar opposites of self-image, and two recent reports in the APS journal Psychological Science in the Public Interest looked at these two contradictory aspects of mental health. The findings were presented at the APS Annual Convention in Atlanta. Depression is one of the More

Cross-Disciplinary Perspectives on Attachment Processes

The attachment an infant and parent feel for each other is a fundamental aspect of human relations. Research presented at the APS Annual Convention in Atlanta explored the importance of infant attachment, including understanding the realities of the world, the lasting effects on adulthood, child stress levels and parental attachment More

Social Stress and Support Factors in Susceptibility to the Common Cold

The common cold: that bugbear of medical mischief. It infects everyone from time to time, irritating us and making us less productive, as if to say “for all your knowledge, for all your technology, you’re not that smart. I’ve still got your number; you still haven’t got me licked.” The More

Teaching Institute

The 10th Annual Teaching Institute, co-sponsored by APS and the Society for the Teaching of Psychology, continued the popular pre-convention event where attendees share ideas that can be immediately put to use in the classroom. In addition to the traditional day-long program, this year’s institute included a pre-institute workshop focused More

Do Negative Cognitive Styles Increase Vulnerability to Depression?

Depression is one of the most common psychological disorders. It has been estimated that 10 percent of the population, roughly 19 million Americans, suffers from a depressive disorder in any given year. However, many people never become depressed. Why do some individuals never become depressed whereas others suffer a lifelong More

What’s Neurobiology Got to Do With It?

Since Adam and Eve, monogamous relationships have been the model for religion and law. Some people seem more inclined to pair and settle down than others. Research into the mating habits of prairie voles has identified connections between their neurotransmitters and monogamous mating habits and may help understand human fidelity More

Androgen Insufficiency and Female Sexual Motivation

It is accepted that the androgen hormone regulates male sexuality while estrogen is thought to be more psychologically influential in female sexuality. However, researchers have hypothesized about the role androgen plays in regulating female sexuality, suggesting that androgens may actually regulate the degree to which estrogen is available. At present More

Teaching and Teacher Ratings

Administrators of universities are increasingly emphasizing teaching, especially at the undergraduate level. This is true of both private and public universities. I don’t suppose there was ever a time in American education when administrators ever came out against teaching, but often teaching suffered benign neglect in the sense that good More

The Mind’s Self-Portrait: An Illusion of Conscious Will

I look on my brain as a mass of hydraulically compacted thoughts, a bale of ideas, and my head as a smooth, shiny Aladdin’s lamp. -Bohumil Hrabal, Too Loud a Solitude An artist’s or writer’s self-portrait can run the gamut from realistic likeness to abstract beyond recognition. When you ask More

Psychology That Spans Boundaries

Some of the most interesting and meaningful research in psychological science spans the boundaries of disciplines. During her term as APS President, Susan T. Fiske highlighted cross-disciplinary work in the Observer Presidential Columns. “Psychology That Spans Boundaries” was also the focus of Fiske’s Presidential Symposium at the APS Annual Convention More

IRB Workshop

Rome may not have been built in a day, but a preconference workshop in Atlanta made significant headway in tackling a difficult subject by providing a comprehensive look at Institutional Review Boards or IRBs and human subject regulations in behavioral and social science research. Along with the Working Group on More