Cognitive Processes

Children’s math and reading skills are linked to genetics

Why do children differ in their ability to read, to use language, or to understand mathematics? Decades of research makes is clear that genetics play a surprisingly large part in both learning abilities and learning disabilities. What throws a quirk in an otherwise fixed set of abilities is the environment. More

The More Common the Digit, the More Luminous the Color in Grapheme Color Synaesthesia

A psychological phenomenon known as “grapheme-color synaesthesia” describes individuals who experience vivid colors whenever they see, hear, or think of ordinary letters and digits. A hallmark of synaesthesia is that individuals tend to be idiosyncratic in their experiences, though these experiences are consistent for synaesthetes throughout their lifetime. But new More

New Study Suggests we Remember the Bad Times Better than the Good

Do you remember exactly where you were when you learned of the Sept. 11 terrorist attacks? Your answer is probably yes, and researchers are beginning to understand why we remember events that carry negative emotional weight. In the August issue of Current Directions in Psychological Science, a journal of the More

New Study Shows That Infants Have “Mind-Reading” Capability

One of the unique characteristics of humans that distinguish us from the animal kingdom is the ability to represent others’ beliefs in our own minds. This sort of intuitive mind-reading, according to experts, lays the cognitive foundations of interpersonal understanding and communication. Despite its importance, scientists have yet to reach More