ICPS Panel

ICPS 2019 Integrative Science Symposia

ICPS promotes integrative science and methodology through eight thematic Integrative Science Symposia.

Changing Minds and Behaviours Throughout Society: The Greatest Challenge of Our Times

Tom Beckman, Global Head of Creative, Prime Public Relations, Sweden
Enny Das, Centre for Language Studies, Faculty of Arts, Radboud University Nijmegen, Netherlands
Stephen Fleming, Wellcome Trust Centre for Neuroimaging, University College London, United Kingdom
Susan Michie, Centre for Behaviour Change, University College London, United Kingdom

The question of how to change the minds of individuals or groups is a fundamental concern for a wide range of professions and academic disciplines. This integrative symposia will examine the state of the science on this complex issue and reflect on what professionals from various backgrounds can learn from each other’s expertise on changing minds.


The Consequences of the Evolution of Language on the Mind

Lera Boroditsky, Department of Cognitive Science, University of California, San Diego, USA
José Morais, Centre for Research in Cognition & Neurosciences, Université Libre de Bruxelles, Belgium
Jennie E. Pyers, Department of Psychology, Wellesley College, USA
Alexandra Rosati, Department of Psychology, University of Michigan, USA

The emergence of language transformed human cognition, enabling our species to invent the Internet and travel to space. But what specific aspects of cognition have been changed by the evolution of language? We examine this question in a symposium that compares language across species and considers the consequences of literacy on the mind.


Our Minds Are Not Our Own: The Role of Guts and Germs

Alyssa N. Crittenden, Department of Anthropology, University of Nevada, Las Vegas, USA
Robert Dantzer, Department of Symptom Research, Division of Internal Medicine, The University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Center, USA
Jane A. Foster, Department of Psychiatry & Behavioural Neurosciences, McMaster University, Canada
William P. Hanage, Department of Epidemiology, Harvard University, USA
Mats Lekander, Department of Clinical Neuroscience, Karolinska Institutet, Sweden

All complex life evolved from and co-evolved with microbes. Our microbiome impacts our cognitive and physiological health, and compelling evidence demonstrates that microbes and other pathogens still shape fundamental aspects of animal biology. These findings raise new questions about human behavior at the intersection of human and microbial biology. The speakers in this symposium provide state-of-the-art overviews of how microbes in our guts and germs in our environment shape our behavior.


Collective Emotions in Cooperation and Conflict

Emma Cohen, Institute of Cognitive and Evolutionary Anthropology, University of Oxford, United Kingdom
Paolo Gerbaudo, Department of Digital Humanities, King’s College London, United Kingdom
Eran Halperin, School of Psychology, Interdisciplinary Center, Israel
Bernard Rimé, Faculté de psychologie et des sciences de l’éducation, Université catholique de Louvain, Belgium
Christian von Scheve, Institute of Sociology, Freie Universität Berlin, Germany
Dan Zahavi, Department of Media, Cognition and Communication, University of Copenhagen, Denmark

Sporting events, political rallies, religious gatherings, and street demonstrations all testify to the importance of collective emotions in social groups. Yet, the mechanisms and consequences of collective emotions remain poorly understood. This symposium addresses the factors that distinguish collective emotions from their individual counterparts, how these emotions contribute to the emergence and consolidation of social identities, and the role they play in the digital age.


Human Culture: What Is It and How Does It Work?

Marcus Feldman, Department of Biology, Stanford University, USA
Miriam N. Haidle, The Role of Culture in Early Expansions of Humans, Heidelberg Academy of Sciences and Humanities, Germany
Henrike Moll, Department of Psychology, University of Southern California, USA
Dan Sperber, Institut Jean Nicod, France

Culture has been credited for humanity’s success as a biological species. Recent developments, however, suggest social learning—the capacity to learn from others—is not a uniquely human ability, but is distributed relatively widely in nature. How, then, is human culture different from cultures of other species? How did culture help humanity spread across the continents? What are the consequences of culture to cumulative cultural evolution and the future of humanity?


From the Heart to the Eye: Interoception and Awareness

Lisa Feldman Barrett, Department of Psychology, Northeastern University, USA
Martin Paulus, Laureate Institute for Brain Research, USA
Catherine Tallon-Baudry, Laboratoire de Neurosciences Cognitives, Ecole Normale Supérieure, France
Manos Tsakiris, Department of Psychology, Royal Holloway, University of London, United Kingdom

Contrary to the wealth of studies on external perception, interoception—the ability to perceive the internal state of one’s body—has been neglected in psychology until recently. Promising new theories suggest interoception lies at the heart of our ability to perceive feelings from our bodies and provides our sense of self-awareness and well‐being. This symposium brings together different research traditions on the topic of interoception that highlight how studying the ability to sense internal bodily changes may hold the key to understanding mental health, sociopolitical biases, and more.


How Changing Our Bodies Changes Our Selves

Henrik Ehrsson, Department of Neuroscience, Karolinska Institutet, Sweden
Carolyn Mair, Psychology for Fashion, United Kingdom
Nichola Rumsey, Centre for Appearance Research, University of the West of England, Bristol, United Kingdom
Mel Slater, Department of Clinical Psychology and Psychobiology, Universitat de Barcelona, Spain

No other period in history has seen such preoccupation with and dedication to the presentation, manipulation, and modification of the physical body—particularly its appearance—as a way to experience and socially share the self. This symposium takes a scientific perspective on the tension between identity and change at a time when technology increasingly helps us alter our appearance or present it to others.


Studying Perception: Is It Worth It?

Ned Block, Department of Philosophy, New York University, USA
John McGann, Department of Psychology, Rutgers, The State University of New Jersey, USA
Yael Niv, Princeton Neuroscience Institute and Department of Psychology, Princeton University, USA
Aude Oliva, Computer Science & Artificial Intelligence Lab, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, USA
Brian Scholl, Department of Psychology, Yale University, USA

The separation between perception and cognition is a basic distinction made in psychological education and can be found in any textbook. Recent data appear, however, to erase this distinction. For example, cognition appears to affect processing from the very first moments, and there appear to be reciprocal connections between most levels of neural processing. At the same time, it may be valuable to distinguish between top-down and bottom-up mechanisms. Given these breakthroughs in our understanding of how the brain works, is it time to drop the distinction between perception and cognition?