James McKeen Cattell Fellow Award Addresses
The APS James McKeen Cattell Fellow Award recognizes APS Members for a lifetime of outstanding contributions to the area of applied psychological research. Honorees will be recognized at the APS Convention and will present Award Addresses on their research.
Trauma and Society: Why Social Factors Matter for Coping With Trauma
Richard A. Bryant, University of New South Wales, Australia
How we cope with stressful events depends heavily on the support of others. This review outlines the biological, cognitive, neural, and social impacts of attachment figures on how we cope with stress and trauma. Social network approaches also highlight that these effects influence how entire communities respond to trauma.
Men Are From Earth, Women Are From Earth: The Science of Gender Differences and Similarities
Janet Shibley Hyde, University of Wisconsin-Madison
The public and the popular media favor a differences model in which men and women are believed to be substantially different from each other. The statistical method of meta-analysis allows us to evaluate these beliefs against the scientific data. The conclusion: gender similarities are far more common than gender differences.
Applying Psychological Science to Educational Computer Games
Richard E. Mayer, University of California, Santa Barbara
This talk explores three genres of game research: (1) value-added research, comparing learning by playing a game versus learning by playing the same game with one feature added; (2) cognitive-consequences research, comparing improvements in cognitive skills after playing a game versus after performing control activities; and (3) media-comparison research, comparing academic learning in a game versus learning with conventional media.
William James Fellow Award Addresses
The APS William James Fellow Award honors APS Members for their lifetime of significant intellectual contributions to the basic science of psychology. Honorees will be recognized at the APS Convention and will present Award Addresses on their research.
The Brain, Social Neuroscience, and Social Isolation
John T. Cacioppo, The University of Chicago
The human brain is the most complex organ in the universe. Experimental and longitudinal studies of perceived social isolation (i.e., loneliness) have shed new light on brain function and on the behavioral, neural, hormonal, cellular, and molecular mechanisms underlying the association between loneliness and premature mortality.
On the Rational Boundedness of Cognitive Control
Jonathan D. Cohen, Princeton University
The inability to simultaneously execute multiple control-dependent processes is a defining characteristic of human cognition. This limitation, though assumed by all major theories of cognition, itself remains unexplained. This talk will present an explanation in terms of the optimization of a trade-off between interactive and independent parallel computation.
Does Language Change Thought?
Barbara Landau, Johns Hopkins University
Human language arguably leads to profound changes in human thought, but what are these changes and how does change occur? Using the domain of spatial language, I will argue that the key to understanding language-thought relationships lies in the combinatorial nature of human language, which provides a powerful formalism for selectively representing our spatial experience.
Word Learning From the Infant’s Point of View
Linda B. Smith, Indiana University Bloomington
What does word learning look like to the infants who do the learning? We used wearable sensors to capture the scenes and corresponding words in 8- to 24-month-old infants’ everyday environments. The infant view is a “game changer”: It is fundamentally unlike that assumed by contemporary theoretical frameworks.