Photographs and the Misinformation Effect: A Boundary Condition of Truthiness

Photographs have been shown to increase “truthiness” across several domains. This study explores the presentation of nonprobative photographs in a misinformation study. A robust replication of the misinformation effect was observed, but photographs did not increase “true” responses in this paradigm, demonstrating a boundary condition for the truthiness effect.

Daniel F. Bogart,  Elizabeth F. Loftus, Rebecca M. Nichols
University of California, Irvine

Maryanne Garry, Eryn J. Newman
Victoria University of Wellington

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