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Estimating Risk


Repeated Exposure to Media Images of Traumatic Events May Be Harmful to Mental and Physical Health

From 24-hour cable news to YouTube and Twitter, today’s mass media can turn local disasters into international events within minutes, transmitting the impact of a disaster far beyond those who are directly exposed. ... More>


Fear and Driving Opportunity Motivated Changes in Driving Behavior After 9/11

A catastrophic event – such as a terrorist attack, a natural disaster, or market collapse – often strikes twice. There is the damage caused by the event itself, as lives are lost or left in ruin. But there is also the second act, catalyzed by our response to the catastrophic event. This second act has the potential to cause just as much damage as the first. ... More>


Reminders of Death Can Sway Political Attitudes

From one day to the next, approval ratings of political figures can plummet or soar and psychological scientists have long been trying to identify the cognitive factors that might account for the vagaries of public opinion. Why, for example, did the approval ratings of President George W. Bush— who was perceived as indecisive before September 11, 2001—soar over 90 percent after the terrorist attacks? Because Americans were acutely aware of their own deaths. ... More>


Dreadful Deaths: Cycling Through Fear