Millions of people are affected by self-injury, especially adolescents and young adults. Â Non-suicidal self-injury (NSSI) has been the focus of numerous studies and, yet, there is still a lot to learn about its causes and consequences.
NSSI behavior, the most common of which is cutting, can have various short- and long-term consequences and research shows that NSSI is predictive of later suicide attempts. We also know that NSSI co-occurs with many other disorders, including major depressive disorder, generalized anxiety disorder, and substance use and eating disorders.
â€śConsidered together, recent research supports the growing conceptualization of NSSI as transdiagnostic, rather than as a specific symptom of one disorder,â€ť researcher Kate Bentley of Boston University and her co-authors write in an article published in Clinical Psychological Science.
In their article, Bentley and colleagues David Barlow of Boston University and Matthew Nock…
Weâ€™re taught from a young age that itâ€™s not okay to discriminate or show prejudice against others. And this strong social norm is codified in various ways, such as in hate-crime laws and antibullying policies.
But itâ€™s difficult to enforce these social norms when the case involves prejudice against someone who isnâ€™t part of a clearly identifiable, stigmatized group.
Perpetrators in these situations can claim â€śplausible deniability,â€ť argue researchers William Cox and Patricia Devine of the University of Wisconsinâ€“Madison — that is, they can claim their act wasnâ€™t prejudicial because they werenâ€™t aware of the personâ€™s group membership.
To see whether they could find evidence for plausible deniability, Cox and Devine recruited 166 undergraduates to participate in a study on impression formation.
The students were told that they would be competing against an unseen male opponent and were given one identity-related statement…
APS Fellow Marsha M. Linehan, director of the Behavioral Research and Therapy Clinics at the University of Washington, is the recipient of a 2014 APS James McKeen Cattell Award. Linehan will give an award address at the 27th APS Annual Convention in 2015 in New York City, New York, USA.
Linehanâ€™s research focuses on employing behavioral models to study patients who develop suicidal behaviors, substance abuse issues, or borderline personality disorder. She also developed Dialectical Behavior Therapy (DBT), originally used to treat suicidal tendencies and later modified to include the treatment of mental disorders and borderline personality disorder.
In a 2010 Champions of Psychological Science interview published in the Observer, Linehan spoke about formulating a successful treatment for borderline personality disorder, a condition well known to be difficult to combat. She said she…
One of the basic tenets of psychological science holds that the biology of our brains heavily influences our actions, behaviors, judgments, and more. But what if we reverse that premise and examine an opposite supposition: that our choices and decisions may influence our physical neural structure? Several prominent psychological scientists examine this bidirectional equation. The following researchers will speak:
- Darlene D. Francis, University of California, Berkeley. Her research delves into how biological, psychological, and social developments throughout peopleâ€™s lives combine to influence their susceptibility to disease or illness.
- Adam H. Gazzaley, University of California, San Francisco. Gazzaleyâ€™s cognitive neuroscience research lab focuses on the biology of memory, attention, and perception; developmental psychology; normal aging and dementia; and how we…
Overpriced roses and generic greeting cards are flying off the shelves, only to be thrown in the trash in a day or two. Windows, storefronts, even drab office cubicles are festooned in red and pink hearts.
Valentineâ€™s Day is a holiday full of schmaltz, material excess, and, sometimes, a bit of genuine romance. But extravagant gestures and fleeting passion do not a relationship make!
So, before things get too sentimental, letâ€™s take a step back and consider how people get in, and out, of romantic relationships in the first place.
While the romantics among us may not like to hear it, there is considerable evidence to suggest that some of the most important decisions we make with respect to our relationships â€“ including whom to date, whether to break up, or when to move in together â€“ are based on strict judgment…