Professional poker players rely on the ability to divorce their facial expressions from their emotional state – no matter how good, or how bad, their hand is, they have to maintain an inscrutable “poker face.” But new research suggests that they may do well to focus on another body part: The arms. The research, published in Psychological Science, suggests that homing in on only the player’s arms may be the most reliable way to call a bluff.
Psychological scientist Michael Slepian and colleagues had 78 undergraduate participants watch two-second video clips from the World Series of Poker. Participants were shown one of three views: only the players’ faces, only their arms, or their entire upper bodies. In no cases were the participants shown what cards the players actually held – they had to…
Vascular risk factors are receiving increasing attention in research investigating the development of cognitive decline and dementia.
As researcher Matthew Pase and colleagues note in a new article in Psychological Science, “the importance of vascular risk factors in the development of cognitive decline and dementia is becoming increasingly apparent, with the brain recently having been conceptualized as an end organ of vascular disease.”
Many studies have established brachial blood pressure, measured from the arm, as a cardiovascular risk factor. And numerous review articles have shown that high brachial blood pressure, particularly in midlife, is associated with adverse cognitive outcomes in old age.
But blood is actually delivered to the brain through large central arteries, the aorta and carotids, not brachial arteries. As such, Pase and colleagues wondered whether blood pressure measured from these more central arteries may be more relevant for the…
Indiana University Bloomington (IUB) now holds bragging rights to the world’s largest anatomically correct sculpture of a human brain. The sculpture made its public debut during the festivities that celebrated another set of bragging rights held by IUB: The university’s psychology department celebrated its 125th anniversary this month, making it the oldest psychology department in the United States.
Amy Brier, a sculptor, and a team of carvers led by Mike Donham of Accent Limestone, collaborated to design and build the 5-ton brain, which stands 7 feet tall. The sculpture was underwritten by the Harlan Family Foundation.
“There are a lot of big brains on this campus,” university Provost and Executive Vice President Lauren Robel said at the dedication of the sculpture. “But this one takes the cake.”
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The National Institutes of Health have announced a research project grant on Modeling Social Behavior, issued by the National Institute of General Medical Sciences (NIGMS) and the National Institute of Mental Health (NIMH):
This Funding Opportunity Announcement (FOA) encourages applications for developing and testing innovative theories and computational, mathematical, or engineering approaches to deepen our understanding of complex social behavior. This research will examine phenomena at multiple scales to address the emergence of collective behaviors that arise from individual elements or parts of a system working together. Emergence can also describe the functioning of a system within the context of its environment. Often properties we associate with a system itself are in actuality properties of the relationships and interactions between a system and its environment. This FOA will support research that explores the often complex and dynamic…
The European Union (EU) expects research and innovation to be the foundation for its future growth. Horizons 2020, an initiative running from 2014 to 2020 with a budget of a little more than €70 billion, is the EU’s new program for research and innovation and is part of the drive to create new growth and jobs in Europe. In September, a two-day conference was held in Vilnius, Lithuania, organized by the Lithuanian Presidency of the Council of the European Union, to address how socio-economic sciences and humanities can be incorporated into Horizons 2020. The result is the Vilnius Declaration on Horizons for Social Sciences and Humanities (SSH), published on September 24. The Declaration issues the following statements: