Studies have indicated that prejudice is more prevalent among people from lower social classes, but researchers are still struggling to understand what might account for this association. In an article published in the European Journal of Social Psychology, a team of researchers led by Héctor Carvacho of Bielefeld University, Germany, examine the role of two ideological attitudes — right-wing authoritarianism (RWA) and social dominance orientation (SDO) — in linking aspects of social class to increased levels of prejudice.
People who are high in RWA tend to be willing to submit to authority figures they deem legitimate, adhere to social conventions and norms, and be aggressive towards people who violate societal norms or values. Being high in RWA often means viewing the world as a threatening place and finding security…
Current Directions in Psychological Science, a journal of the Association for Psychological Science publishes reviews by leading experts covering all of scientific psychology and its applications. _______________________________________________________________________
Evaluating Eyewitness Identification Procedures Using Receiver Operating Characteristic Analysis Scott D. Gronlund, John T. Wixted, and Laura Mickes
Policy Regarding the Sequential Lineup Is Not Informed by Probative Value but Is Informed by Receiver Operating Characteristic Analysis John T. Wixted, Scott D. Gronlund, and Laura Mickes
*Come listen to Scott D. Gronlund and John T. Wixted speak as part of the “Maximizing the Informativeness of Eyewitness Suspect Identification Decisions” symposium at the 26th APS Annual Convention in…
APS Fellow Dante Cicchetti has been awarded a 2014 James McKeen Cattell Fellow Award for his lifetime contributions to the field of applied psychological science. Cicchetti, William Harris Professor of Child Development and Psychiatry and McKnight Presidential Chair at the Institute of Child Development, University of Minnesota, Twin Cities, will deliver his award address at the 26th APS Annual Convention, which will be held May 22–25, in San Francisco.
Cicchetti’s work focuses on the formulation of an integrative developmental theory that can account for both normal and abnormal forms of development. His research adopts a multiple levels of analysis perspective and has had far reaching impact on developmental theory, as well as on science, policy, and practice related to mental illness, resilience, and numerous domains of development. Cicchetti is the founding and current…
When APS Fellow and Janet Taylor Spence Award recipient Naomi Eisenberger was a graduate student, she ran an experiment in which study participants felt socially excluded: Participants situated in an fMRI machine played a virtual game of catch with two other players — or so they thought. In truth, they were playing catch with a computer, and no other human player was participating in the game. At some point, the other “players” quit passing the ball to the study participants, which led to feelings of exclusion.
In an interview with June Gruber for the Experts in Emotion series, Eisenberger says she was shocked when she compared her data to the data of a colleague who was running a study on experimental pain administration in irritable bowel syndrome patients.
“We each had our data up on our computer screens, and at some point we noticed just how similar our data looked,”…
A panel at the 2014 APS Annual Convention, to be held May 22–25 in San Francisco, California, will explore the questions asked in such research, including whether there are evolutionary reasons behind our destructive past and whether there might be predictors of what kind of person is most prone to violence.
- APS Fellow John T. Monahan, University of Virginia. His research has focused on mental health law.
- APS Fellow Adrian Raine, University of Pennsylvania. He studies antisocial behavior from social, developmental, and neuroscience perspectives.
- Matthew K. Nock, Harvard University. Through his research, he hopes to further the understanding of the psychology behind self-harm.
- David A. Pizarro, Cornell…