Adults expect others to behave rationally and efficiently in their simple, everyday actions — this is what enables us to predict the route someone will take walking on the sidewalk, for instance. Now, new research shows that infants hold the same expectations for the behavior of others.
Even within the first two years of life, infants expect adults to behave rationally, efficiently, and consistently, according to the research, which is published in the April 2013 issue of Psychological Science.
Psychological scientists Rose Scott of the University of California, Merced and Renée Baillargeon of the University of Illinois hypothesized that infants would focus longer on an event that is more effortful, because it is unexpected.
To test this, infants watched as an experimenter sat facing two identical toys. One of the toys was placed under a transparent cover and the…
Congratulations to six APS Fellows recently elected to the American Academy of Arts and Sciences.
Some of the world’s most accomplished scholars, scientists, writers, artists, and civic, corporate, and philanthropic leaders make up this year’s class of 198, including: Robert A. Bjork, a University of California, Los Angeles, psychology professor who has made fundamental contributions to the science of learning and memory;
Alison Gopnik, University of California, Berkeley, a prominent scholar of learning and child development;
Charles A. Nelson, Harvard Medical School/Boston Children’s Hospital; who employs behavioral, electrophysiological (ERP), and metabolic (MRI) tools in his study of both typically developing children and children at risk for neurodevelopmental disorders;
Laurence D. Steinberg, Temple University, who is one of the world’s leading authorities on psychological development during adolescence;
Barbara Tversky, Columbia University, a top authority in the areas of visual-spatial reasoning and collaborative cognition; and
Terrence Sejnowski, Salk Institute for…
Five psychological scientists, including four APS Fellows, are among the 84 new members and 21 foreign associates elected to the National Academy of Sciences, in recognition of their contributions and achievements in original research.
Among the newly elected members, announced April 30, are Richard Aslin, professor of brain and cognitive sciences , University of Rochester; Susan Fiske, professor of psychology at Princeton University; Joseph LeDoux, professor of neuroscience and psychology, New York University (NYU); and Daniel Schacter, professor of psychology at Harvard University. All are APS Fellows.
Also among the new NAS members is David Heeger, professor of psychology and neural science at the Center for Neural Science, NYU.
Aslin’s research focuses on statistical learning, visual perception, speech perception, and language development. Much of his work focuses on understanding how higher-level cognitive…
Tags: Alzheimer's Disease, APS Fellows, Awards & Honors, Biological/Neuroscience, Cognitive Psychology, Emotions, fMRI, Language Development, Learning, Memory, National Academy of Science, Personality/Social, Speech, Speech Perception, Statistical Analysis, Vision | No Comments »
As you make plans to attend the 25th APS Annual Convention in Washington, DC, don’t forget to schedule a stroll through the Exhibit Hall, where you will find books, equipment, software, professional opportunities, and, of course, free promotional items and giveaways. Among this year’s exhibitors are two organizations that have been attending the APS Convention since it all began in 1988.
In Booth 502, the Association Book Exhibit will offer a combined display of scholarly and professional titles from leading publishers, as well as a free catalog; Worth Publishers, a publisher of cutting-edge, market-leading psychology textbooks and media, will be exhibiting in Booths 210 and 212. Worth will also be co-sponsoring the 25@25 Celebration and Special Concert on Saturday, May 25.
Take a look at this full list of exhibitors before Convention, and don’t forget to stop by.
APS Fellow Jeffrey Sherman, who studies stereotyping and prejudice at the University of California, Davis, has been awarded the Anneliese Maier Research Award. Presented by the Alexander von Humboldt Foundation and valued at €250,000, the award is given annually to outstanding researchers from other countries with the aim of advancing the internationalization of academic research in Germany.
Sherman is a leading social psychologist who uses innovative methods to develop mathematical models to measure and analyze prejudice and stereotyping that people are unwilling or unable to reveal. This award will support his research with Christoph Klauer at the University of Freiburg to develop and refine models of implicit attitude formation and change.
“We are trying to understand how evaluative associations…