April 2010

Observation

Silent No More: The Case for Changing Our Pronunciation

At its December 2009 meeting, the APS Board of Directors was unanimous in support of a proposal by the APS Pronunciation Com-mittee to change how we say the words psychology and psychological (and psychologist) to include the initial “p” sound. In keeping with APS bylaws, such a change in pronunciation needs to be decided by a vote of our membership. If approved, members would be required, or at least strongly encouraged, to pronounce the “p” sound in the name of our science.... More>


Teaching Tips

Improving Classroom Performance by Challenging Student Misconceptions About Learning

In an overview of the preparedness of high school seniors for college level work, Kuh (2007) comes to conclusions familiar to many teachers. Most entering students are not adequately prepared either academically or in terms of study skills for college level work. This preparation is predictive of college success. The result is that many students founder in college, despite the potential to succeed. As psychologists, we see this phenomenon in introductory psychology, among the most popular college courses and often taken in the first year. But, as psychologists, we can help to address this situation by sharing our knowledge of how people learn with students. This article describes several demonstrations that faculty can use either for teaching psychological concepts related to learning or for instructing students how to study more effectively.... More>


Member Article

Psychology Research with Undergraduates: An Interview With Debra Zellner

The Council on Undergraduate Research (CUR) is a membership organization with a mission “to support and promote high-quality undergraduate student-faculty collaborative research and scholarship.” This organization, founded in 1978, promotes undergraduate research by providing faculty development opportunities; sharing information on the importance of undergraduate research with state and federal elected officials, private foundations, and government agencies; and giving students opportunities to share their research.... More>


Student Notebook

Understanding Confidence Intervals (CIs) and Effect Size Estimation

The newly released sixth edition of the APA Publication Manual states that “estimates of appropriate effect sizes and confidence intervals are the minimum expectations” (APA, 2009, p. 33, italics added). An increasing number of journals echo this sentiment. For example, an editorial in Neuropsychology stated that “effect sizes should always be reported along with confidence intervals” (Rao et al., 2008, p. 1). This article will define confidence intervals (CIs), answer common questions about using CIs, and offer tips for inter-preting CIs.... More>


Cover Story

Changes in Psychological Science: Perspectives from Textbook Authors

Introductory textbook authors live on the leading edge of psychological science, examining the entire discipline from its history to the modern frontiers, distilling the most important aspects into a format digestible by first-year college students, and then repeating the process for the next edition. This work gives them rare perspective on trends in the field and on changes in the science and teaching. Some of the field’s most influential authors share their thoughts on how the science has evolved in recent decades as they have documented it for the field’s newest generations.... More>