Psychological Science at Work

The indispensable research blog on the science of the modern workplace, covering everything from leadership and management to the behavioral, social, and cognitive dynamics behind performance and achievement.

Bosses Spend More Personal Time on Social Media Than Subordinates

Walk by any employee’s work station on a given day and you may see that person quickly closing a Facebook or Twitter page from his or her computer desktop. No one wants to get caught tweeting or posting Instagram pictures when they’re supposed to be working. But studies indicate that four out of five employees now use social media for personal use during working hours.

A Norwegian study, however, shows that managers and executives, while critical of employees’ social media use at work, spend more time using social media during office hours than do their subordinates.

To assess how workers used social media while on the job, a team led by psychological scientist Cecilie Schou Andreassen at the University of Bergen surveyed more than 11,000 people. The…


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Observation Skills May be Key Ingredient to Creativity

The benefits of mindfulness, or being fully conscious and aware of one’s actions and surroundings, have been well documented by psychological scientists. Advantages include decreased risk of burnout at work, improved mental health, and smarter decision-making, according to recent studies. Now, researchers are turning their attention to a potential new connection: mindfulness and creativity.

University of Amsterdam researchers led by psychological scientist Matthijs Baas wanted to see whether there could be a link between various aspects of mindfulness, such as observation skills, attention with full awareness, and powers of description; and factors pertinent to creativity, such as frequency of ideas, innovation, and flexibility of thinking. They conducted four studies to explore whether, and how, these factors might be related.

In the first study, Baas and colleagues looked at whether the ability to focus attention…


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Job Insecurity: It’s Not Just the Economy, Stupid

The economic instability that has swept the globe over the last six years has largely snuffed people’s confidence in their job security. And that wariness does nothing to improve organizations’ financial success. A 2008 study showed that job insecurity erodes commitment and performance, not to mention health. The pessimism in the workforce could therefore create a vicious cycle of lackluster economic growth; as workers worry about getting pink slips, their productivity declines and profits drop. And as profits drop, workers fret even more about their jobs.

This is a photo of two business people looking nervous.Psychological scientists in Europe recently investigated this possibility, striving to find out the exact reasons people feel insecure about their jobs. Specifically, they wanted to measure how individuals’ personalities, their company’s financial health, or some combination of the two, influence their perceptions about their job stability.



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Does Your Sexual Orientation Shape Your Career Plans?

Lesbians, gay men, and bisexuals gained some new strides against discrimination this week when President Barack Obama announced plans to bar federal contractors from hiring or firing employees based on their sexual orientation or gender identity.

But despite job protections, marriage equality laws and other protections that members of the LGB community are garnering, many of them believe their sexual identities will at some point encumber their careers, research indicates. And that expectation may have at least some degree of influence on their actual career choices.

This is a photo of a businessman in a maze.In a study published in 2012, psychological researchers at the University of Memphis examined not only the types of career barriers LGB individuals have encountered, but what barriers they anticipate hitting in the future.

They questioned whether these individuals ruled out certain career options over fears of…


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Stand Up for Better Meetings

In the wake of recent studies showing the health consequences of prolonged sitting, many professionals have begun standing at their work stations, and even in meetings. New research shows that eschewing a chair has a profound effect on group productivity.

This is a photo of a team working on a project.Standing during meetings boosts the excitement around creative group processes and reduces people’s tendency to defend their turf, according to the study.

Behavioral researchers Andrew Knight and Markus Bauer of Washington University wanted to explore the group dynamics that arose in meetings without chairs. They designed an experiment in which participants work in teams for 30 minutes to develop and record a university recruitment video.

The teams worked in rooms that either had chairs arranged around a table or had no chairs at all.

After making the videos, research assistants rated how…


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