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Perspectives on Psychological Science

Perspectives on Psychological Science: Volume 9, Number 5

Perspectives on Psychological Science, a journal of the Association for Psychological Science, publishes an eclectic mix of provocative reports and articles, including broad integrative reviews, overviews of research programs, meta-analyses, theoretical statements, and book reviews.

Read the first ever Registered Replication Report!

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A Sex-Positive Framework for Research on Adolescent Sexuality K. Paige Harden

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The Mad-Genius Paradox: Can Creative People Be More Mentally Healthy But Highly Creative People More Mentally Ill? Dean Keith Simonton

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The Origins of Neuroticism David H. Barlow, Kristen K. Ellard, Shannon Sauer-Zavala, Jacqueline R. Bullis, and Jenna R. Carl

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Banishing the Control Homunculi in Studies of Action Control and Behavior Change Frederick Verbruggen, Ian P. L. McLaren, and Christopher D. Chambers

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Friends or Foes: Is…

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APS Fellow Jennifer L. Eberhardt Named 2014 MacArthur “Genius” Fellow

Jennifer Eberhardt Named 2014 MacArthur Fellow Stanford University social psychologist Jennifer L. Eberhardt has been named a 2014 MacArthur Fellow by The John D. and Catherine T. MacArthur Foundation. The APS Fellow will receive a $625,000 stipend over 5 years for the purpose of following her own creative vision as a researcher. She is among 21 MacArthur Fellows chosen this year.

Eberhardt’s research reveals how unconscious racial biases associating African-Americans with crime can exert powerful effects on visual processing and behavior. Her studies have used statistical analysis to analyze how racially coded features, such as a defendant’s skin color and hair texture, impact the decisions of jurors and the harshness of sentencing.

Several of Everhardt’s studies have demonstrated that faces that are perceived as more stereotypically “black” are more frequently associated with crime. In one study, police officers were more…

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A Closer Look at the Face in Your Toast

Toast_facePeople seem to see faces in all sorts of strange places, whether it’s Albert Einstein in a cup of coffee, the face of Jesus on a piece of toast, or even the man in the moon. Why do people see faces, even where they don’t exist?

Although the phenomenon of seeing illusory faces — termed face pareidolia — is well documented, few studies have investigated the mechanisms underlying this experience. Those studies that have examined the brain regions associated with face pareidolia have only examined the perception of faces, meaning it is still unclear whether the brain regions identified in these studies are involved in face pareidolia specifically, or whether they are…

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Integrative Approach Strengthens Developmental Research

Traditionally, researchers in different fields have banded together, leading to ever-evolving but separate lines of work. However, there is now an increasing awareness that much can be learned by combining knowledge across a wide range of psychological and biological disciplines. This new focus on integrative work is especially evident in the growing body of research showing that our brains, biology, and environments are not independent — each influences, and is influenced by, the others.

This kind of integrative research is highlighted in a recent article published in Current Directions in Psychological Science, whose authors Annie Bernier, CĂ©lia Matte-GagnĂ©, and AndrĂ©e-Anne Bouvette-Turcot (University of Montreal) have reached across cognitive, biological, and social-emotional fields to investigate the connections…

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Great Apes Share Our Ability to Predict Goal-Oriented Actions

This is a photo of an orangutan with its baby.Within a year after birth, human infants develop the ability to direct their attention to the anticipated goal of another person’s movement, before it has occurred. So, for example, our eyes move to where we think an object will be based on how we perceive others’ objectives and intentions. The ability to anticipate actions helps us both to cooperate and compete with others.

In light of previous research suggesting that nonhuman primates may be able to predict others’ goals and actions, psychological scientists Fumihiro Kano and Josep Call of the Max Planck Institute for Evolutionary Anthropology in Leipzig, Germany investigated whether other primates make eye movements similar to those that humans make while observing another individual’s behavior.

The researchers analyzed data from 19 great apes, including chimpanzees, bonobos, and orangutans.

Every…

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