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Perspectives Provides Strategies for Maximizing Informational Value of Research

This is an image of the cover of Perspectives on Psychological Science.It’s an exhilarating time in psychological science, as momentum continues to build toward improving research standards and practices across the field.

A special section in the November issue of Perspectives on Psychological Science is part of an ongoing effort to involve researchers in this movement by providing a set of cutting-edge strategies that can be used to improve the way research is conducted and evaluated.

According to psychological scientist Alison Ledgerwood, associate professor at the University of California, Davis and editor of the special section, this new collection of articles builds on the foundation laid down in a special section published in the May 2014 issue of Perspectives, providing researchers with a concrete toolkit for enhancing their research:

“Together, these articles emphasize the importance of thinking about…


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Cornell’s Stephen Ceci on Changing Landscape for Women in Academic Science

Psychological scientist Stephen Ceci is the H. L. Carr Chaired Professor of Developmental Psychology at Cornell University. His research focuses on a range of subjects, including cognitive development of children’s memory, intelligence, and women and academic science.

Below is a Q&A with Ceci on his recent report, Women in Academic Science: A Changing Landscape, published in the journal Psychological Science in the Public Interest.

What advice, if any, would you give parents to encourage their daughters on a path to the fields of geoscience, engineering, economics, mathematics, and physical sciences (GEEMP)?

Our report touched on a couple interventions that parents could implement, one in high school and the other at the start of college.

Our analysis revealed something that’s unknown by most people. In high school, boys and girls take roughly the same number of AP courses. However, they take different ones, with boys 2 and…


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Inside the Psychologist’s Studio: Annette Karmiloff-Smith

Developmental psychology will become increasingly interdisciplinary, incorporating genetics, cell biology, the brain, the environment, and more, APS Board Member Annette Karmiloff-Smith projects in a just-released “Inside the Psychologist’s Studio” interview.

Karmiloff-Smith, a highly influential developmental and cognitive neuroscientist, adds that she expects developmental researchers to devote increased attention to individual differences and environmental influences.

“One of things I see in the future is a much more subtle description of children’s environments than we’ve had up to now,” she tells APS Fellow BJ Casey in a conversation recorded at the 26th Annual APS Convention held in May 2014 in San Francisco. “We did a study a few years back where we showed that just a tiny difference in the style of the mother’s interaction with the baby would affect the timing of when the baby reached certain cognitive milestones. They were all typically developing babies, so they all reached them in…


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Extremist Groups Appeal to Those Uncertain About Identity

ExtremismIn a world threatened by extremist groups such as the Islamic State of Iraq and Syria (ISIS) and Boko Haram, many people wonder what pull such violent, fear-mongering organizations have over their followers. In a new Current Directions in Psychological Science article, APS Fellow Michael A. Hogg, describes a theory explaining why people with no previous record of violence or extremist views might be joining these causes.

Hogg proposes that “uncertainty-identity theory” — the role uncertainty plays in motivating people to join a social group to feel accepted — could be a contributing factor pushing people toward fringe groups — whether ideological,…


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Infants Can Tell If You’re a Reliable Informant

This is a photo of a baby peeking out of a doorway.It’s hard to know how babies think, since they’re still getting a handle on language skills. One strategy that researchers use to gain some insight is eye tracking, which allows them to see where babies direct their gaze and for how long.

In light of research suggesting that children trust other people’s testimony based on prior experience with them, psychological scientist Kristen Swan Tummeltshammer of the Centre for Brain and Cognitive Development at Birkbeck, University of London and colleagues conducted two experiments to determine whether infants could discern a person’s trustworthiness and act on this knowledge — a crucial skill for successful learning.

In the first experiment, 24 8-month-old infants watched a screen on which one of two video-recorded female faces appeared and said, “Wow, look!” When the face turned toward…


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