Convergence: Connecting Levels of Analysis in Psychological Science
 In the past, our field harbored distinct, and often competing, schools of thought that tackled different problems and produced findings that often appeared to diverge. Today, investigators attack shared problems at complementary levels of analysis and produce results that converge. Studies of people in a social world; mental systems of cognition and emotion; and biological mechanisms of the genome and the nervous system interconnect and yield an integrated psychological science. The APS 23rd Annual Convention displays, and celebrates, these advances in our field.


Formation and Development of Adult Attachment: From Brain to Mind to Behavior

Friday, May 27, 2011, 10:30 AM - 11:50 AM
Georgetown West

Chair: Vivian Zayas
Cornell University
Chair: Gül Günaydin
Cornell University

Adult attachment relationships profoundly influence cognition, affect, and behavior. Surprisingly, their formation and development are poorly understood. This symposium showcases cutting-edge research addressing relationship formation and development at different levels of analyses - from cognitive to affective to neural - and discusses the utility of this multilevel perspective.

A Theoretical Model of Adult Attachment Formation
Cindy Hazan
Cornell University
Adult attachment research has progressed on the assumption that romantic partners are attachment figures. There is evidence, however, that at all ages' bonds of attachment take time to form. We propose a multi-level model of adult attachment formation and suggest “markers” to distinguish attached from not-yet-attached romantic pairs.

Co-Author: Emre Selcuk, Cornell University

I Like You But Don’t Know Why: Facial Resemblance to Significant Others Influences Snap Judgments
Gül Günaydin
Cornell University
Snap judgments of "liking" play an important role in initial attraction and relationship formation. Using state-of-the-art image manipulation techniques and reaction time measures to assess snap judgments, we present evidence that unknown others who facially resemble a romantic partner are judged more favorably than unknown others who do not.

Co-Author: Vivian Zayas, Cornell University

Co-Author: Emre Selcuk, Cornell University

Co-Author: Cindy Hazan, Cornell University

Responsiveness to Threat Promotes the Formation and Stability of Attachment Security: Neural, Developmental, and Cognitive Evidence
Lane Beckes
University of Virginia
Partner responsiveness during vulnerability promotes security and social emotion regulation. Implicit cognitive studies indicate that by manipulating threat and responsiveness, security to novel people can be promoted. A longitudinal fMRI study shows that early maternal relationships promote empathy, attachment security, positive adult relationships, and social emotion regulation.

Co-Author: Jeffry A. Simpson, University of Minnesota, Twin Cities

Co-Author: Alyssa Erickson, University of Michigan

Co-Author: Karen Hasselmo, University of Virginia

Co-Author: James A. Coan, University of Virginia

Co-Author: Joseph P. Allen, University of Virginia

The Neural Basis of Human Attachment: Evidence from Two fMRI Studies of Pair-bonding in Newlyweds and Long-term Married Individuals
Bianca Acevedo
Stony Brook University
Two fMRI studies examined the neural correlates of attachment in newlyweds and long-term married individuals. Both groups showed activation specific to the romantic partner in the ventral pallidum - a major site of opiate receptors important for rewards, motivation, and motor behavior. Activation was also implicated in maternal attachment and pair-bonding in rodents.

Co-Author: Arthur Aron, Stony Brook University

Co-Author: Nancy Collins, University of California, Santa Barbara

Co-Author: Helen Fisher, Rutgers University

Co-Author: Scott Grafton, University of California, Santa Barbara

Co-Author: Lucy Brown, Albert Einstein College of Medicine

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